A new article out of Ning Yan’s lab has been published in Carbohydrate Polymers about anisotropic cellulose nanocrystal hydrogel written by Liu Liu, Nicolas R.Tanguy, Ning Yan, Yiqiang Wu, Xiubo Liu, and Yan Qing
Conventional hydrogels with isotropic polymer networks usually lack selective response to external stimuli and that limits their applications in intelligent devices. Herein, hydrogels with distinctive anisotropic optical characteristics combined with thermosensitivity were prepared through in situ photopolymerization. Self-assembled cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) with chiral nematic ordered structure were embedded in polyethylene glycol derivatives/polyacrylamide polymer networks. The arrangement of CNCs showed a strong dependence on the self-assembly angle and standing time, enabling the fabrication of hydrogels with customizable CNCs arrangements. Increasing the self-assembly angle from 0° to 90° changed the CNCs arrangement from chiral nematic to symmetrical nematic order which, together with CNCs dynamic arrangement from isotropic to annealed chiral nematic phase at longer standing time, provided versatile ways to produce CNCs hydrogels with tunable anisotropic properties. In addition, the obtained hydrogel displayed reversible temperature and compression response, showing excellent promise to be used as soft mechanical stress and temperature sensors or novel anti-counterfeiting materials.
A new review article out of Ning Yan’s lab has been published in ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering about the progress on startch maleats and polylactic acid blends for food packaging written by Shrestha Roy Goswami, Sandeep Sudhakaran Nair, Sen Wang, and Ning Yan
For the first 12 months of publication, 50 free e-prints are available for interested colleagues. Click hereto see the article and get your free e-print.
Starch maleate/polylactic acid blends could replace polyethylene terephthalate in food packaging films. These films, however, are not acceptable for commercial use due to their poor performance, which is caused by processing polylactic acid with starch maleates having a low degree of maleic anhydride substitutions (DSNMR < 0.1 or DStitration < 1). Conventionally produced starch maleates produced via dry grinding or as aqueous and nonaqueous dispersions acquire a low DS due to the presence of inactive hydroxyl and maleic anhydride groups in each of the reaction systems. Low-DS starch maleates could barely interact with polylactic acid and plasticizers during blend processing; consequently, the resultant films perform poorly in terms of ductility and compostability. The key findings of this perspective indicate that recyclable ionic liquids like 1-allyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride could disrupt H-bonds among hydroxyls of starch and catalyze in situ maleic anhydride ring openings to provide functional groups for the synthesis of high-DS starch maleates (DSNMR ≥ 0.1 or DStitration ≥ 1). Improved interfacial chain interactions between high-DS starch maleates/polylactic acid and plasticizers like epoxidized soybean oil could facilitate stress-transfer and enzymatic activities of the resultant film, potentially improving its ductility and compostable properties. Besides these promising findings, this perspective also emphasizes the need for further research into identifying a wide range of ionic liquids and compostable plasticizers for producing high-DS starch maleates/polylactic acid blends, assessing the effect of interfacial chain interactions on properties of the resultant film, and determining specific usage of the film based on the barrier properties measured using standardized techniques.
A new article out of Ning Yan’s lab has been published in Carbohydrate Polymers about flexible gas sensors made with lignocellulosic nanfibrils written by Nicolas R.Tanguy, Kasra Khorsand Kazemi, Jordan Hong, Krisco-Cheuk Cheung, Sevda Mohammadi, PitchaimariGnanasekar, Sandeep S.Nair, Mohammad H.Zarifi, and Ning Yan
Gas detection in flexible electronics demands novel materials with superior sensing performance that have high mechanical strength, are flexible, low-cost, and sustainable. We explore a composite sensing nanopaper based on lignocellulosic cellulose nanofibrils (LCNF) as a renewable and mechanically strong substrate that enables the fabrication of flexible, and highly sensitive gas sensors. In the system the hydrophobic lignin covalently bonds to cellulose in the nanofibrils, increasing the nanopaper water-resistance and limiting sensing materials response to humidity. The sensor is composed of polyaniline (PANI) grown on flexible LCNF and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanosheets. The proposed structure, at 10 wt% rGO, demonstrated a 10-fold improvement in sensitivity to volatile amines (i.e. ammonia detection down to 1 ppm) while maintaining an acceptable selectivity. Furthermore, we demonstrated the application of the sensing nanopaper in a microwave sensor that paves the path toward flexible, wireless, and high-performance sensing devices.
On June 18, 2021, Nicole Tratnik presented a talk on the effect of amylose and amylopectin content on epoxidation and adhesion properties at the 25th Annual ACS Green Chemistry and Engineering Conference.
UTM will host an online screening of the Tribeca Film Festival selected film, Picture a Scientist.
“PICTURE A SCIENTIST chronicles the groundswell of researchers who are writing a new chapter for women scientists. Biologist Nancy Hopkins, chemist Raychelle Burks, and geologist Jane Willenbring lead viewers on a journey deep into their own experiences in the sciences, ranging from brutal harassment to years of subtle slights. Along the way, from cramped laboratories to spectacular field stations, we encounter scientific luminaries – including social scientists, neuroscientists, and psychologists – who provide new perspectives on how to make science itself more diverse, equitable, and open to all.”
Following the film, a panel of four researchers including Professor Ning Yan will have a discussion. Register online for the links for the viewing and discussion here.
This year Professor Ning Yan was selected as the recipient of the 2021 Bill Burgess Teacher of the Year Award for Small Classes by the Department’s Teaching Effectiveness Committee. This award aims to recognize the efforts and excellence in teaching within ChemEng.
The award was announced during the virtual awards celebration Friday April 9, 2021.The plaque for this award lives on the second floor of the Wallberg Building where Professor Ning Yan’s name will be added.
Artwork by Dr. Nicolas R. Tanguy was featured in ChemSusChem for the article written by Dr. Nicolas R. Tanguy, Dr. Haoran Wu, Dr. Sandeep S. Nair, Prof. Keryn Lian, and Prof. Ning Yan. Read the article here
In this study, non-covalently functionalized graphene oxide (FGO) containing phosphorus and nitrogen was synthesized using dibenzyl N,N’-diethyl phosphoramidite (DDP)via a single step process. Meanwhile, novel bio-based phosphorus containing vanillin epoxy resin (VPE) was made via a two-step process and used as a flame-retardant adhesive. Subsequently, FGO was dispersed in the epoxy resin matrix at different weight ratios as reinforcement for improving mechanical, thermal and flame-retardant properties of the resultant composite systems. Curing behavior of the VPE and FGO mixtures with 4,4’-diaminodiphenylsulfone (DDS) as the crosslinker was investigated using a Differential Scanning Calorimeter (DSC). Thermal and flame-retardant properties of the cured VPE/FGO nanocomposites were systematically investigated by Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA), Gas Chromatography – Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS), Limited Oxygen Index (LOI), vertical burning test (UL-94), and cone calorimeter test. Results indicated that all VPE/FGO nanocomposites exhibited excellent thermal and flame-retardant properties. In particular, VPE with 9wt% of FGO achieved the highest LOI value (29.1%) and passed the V-0 rating in the UL-94 test. Furthermore, cone calorimetry test showed that flame retardancy performance of the VPE and VPE/FGO composites significantly improved compared to vanillin epoxy control resin without phosphorus. The gaseous and high boiling pyrolysis products of VPE cured by DDS were collected and characterized by GC/MS to reveal their formation mechanisms. The char layers of the cued VPE showed a high oxidation resistance with intumescent structures. The combined barrier and quenching effects of the char layer imparted VPE with excellent flame retardancy. This study illustrated a promising approach for synthesizing mechanically strong, thermally-stable and environmentally-friendly flame-retardant bio-based composite resins.