On June 18, 2021, Nicole Tratnik presented a talk on the effect of amylose and amylopectin content on epoxidation and adhesion properties at the 25th Annual ACS Green Chemistry and Engineering Conference.
UTM will host an online screening of the Tribeca Film Festival selected film, Picture a Scientist.
“PICTURE A SCIENTIST chronicles the groundswell of researchers who are writing a new chapter for women scientists. Biologist Nancy Hopkins, chemist Raychelle Burks, and geologist Jane Willenbring lead viewers on a journey deep into their own experiences in the sciences, ranging from brutal harassment to years of subtle slights. Along the way, from cramped laboratories to spectacular field stations, we encounter scientific luminaries – including social scientists, neuroscientists, and psychologists – who provide new perspectives on how to make science itself more diverse, equitable, and open to all.”
Following the film, a panel of four researchers including Professor Ning Yan will have a discussion. Register online for the links for the viewing and discussion here.
This year Professor Ning Yan was selected as the recipient of the 2021 Bill Burgess Teacher of the Year Award for Small Classes by the Department’s Teaching Effectiveness Committee. This award aims to recognize the efforts and excellence in teaching within ChemEng.
The award was announced during the virtual awards celebration Friday April 9, 2021.The plaque for this award lives on the second floor of the Wallberg Building where Professor Ning Yan’s name will be added.
A new article out of Ning Yan’s lab has been published in Composites Part B: Engineering written by Pitchaimari Gnanasekar, Heyu Chen, Nicole Tratnik, Martin Feng and Ning Yan.
Click here to view the full article.
In this study, non-covalently functionalized graphene oxide (FGO) containing phosphorus and nitrogen was synthesized using dibenzyl N,N’-diethyl phosphoramidite (DDP)via a single step process. Meanwhile, novel bio-based phosphorus containing vanillin epoxy resin (VPE) was made via a two-step process and used as a flame-retardant adhesive. Subsequently, FGO was dispersed in the epoxy resin matrix at different weight ratios as reinforcement for improving mechanical, thermal and flame-retardant properties of the resultant composite systems. Curing behavior of the VPE and FGO mixtures with 4,4’-diaminodiphenylsulfone (DDS) as the crosslinker was investigated using a Differential Scanning Calorimeter (DSC). Thermal and flame-retardant properties of the cured VPE/FGO nanocomposites were systematically investigated by Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA), Gas Chromatography – Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS), Limited Oxygen Index (LOI), vertical burning test (UL-94), and cone calorimeter test. Results indicated that all VPE/FGO nanocomposites exhibited excellent thermal and flame-retardant properties. In particular, VPE with 9wt% of FGO achieved the highest LOI value (29.1%) and passed the V-0 rating in the UL-94 test. Furthermore, cone calorimetry test showed that flame retardancy performance of the VPE and VPE/FGO composites significantly improved compared to vanillin epoxy control resin without phosphorus. The gaseous and high boiling pyrolysis products of VPE cured by DDS were collected and characterized by GC/MS to reveal their formation mechanisms. The char layers of the cued VPE showed a high oxidation resistance with intumescent structures. The combined barrier and quenching effects of the char layer imparted VPE with excellent flame retardancy. This study illustrated a promising approach for synthesizing mechanically strong, thermally-stable and environmentally-friendly flame-retardant bio-based composite resins.
Professor Ning Yan has been elected Fellow of the Engineering Institute of Canada for her contributions to engineering and service to the profession and society.
Click here for the full article in University of Toronto Engineering News
A new article out of Prof. Ning Yan’s lab in collaboration with Prof. Lian’s lab (Materials Engineering) has been published in Chemistry Europe’s ChemSusChem written by Dr. Nicolas Tanguy, Dr. Haoran Wu, Dr. Sandeep Niar, Prof. Keryn Lian and Prof. Ning Yan. This article explores using lignin cellulose nanofibrils in fabricating flexible supercapacitor electrodes for wearable electronics.The article was selected as Very Important Paper by the Editors of the journal, invited for an article in Chemistryviews.org, and for a Cover art as well. More to come!
Click here to view the article
The increasing demand for wearable electronics has driven the development of supercapacitor electrode materials toward enhanced energy density, while being mechanically strong, flexible, as well as environmentally friendly and low‐cost. Taking advantage of faradaic reaction of quinone groups in natural lignin that is covalently bound to the high‐strength cellulose nanofibrils, the fabrication of a novel class of mechanically strong and flexible thin film electrodes with high energy storage performance is reported. The electrodes were made by growing polyaniline (PANI) on flexible films composed of lignin‐containing cellulose nanofibrils (LCNF) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanosheets at various loading levels. The highest specific capacitance was observed for the LCNF/rGO/PANI electrode with 20 wt% rGO nanosheets (475 F g−1 at 10 mV s−1 and 733 F g−1 at 1 mV s−1), which represented a 68 % improvement as compared to a similar electrode made without lignin. In addition, the LCNF/rGO(20)/PANI electrode demonstrated high rate performance and cycle life (87 % after 5000 cycles). These results indicated that LCNF functioned as an electrochemically active multifunctional component to impart the composite electrode with mechanical strength and flexibility and enhanced overall energy storage performance. LCNF/rGO(20)/PANI electrode was further integrated in a flexible supercapacitor device, revealing the excellent promise of LCNF for fabrication of advanced flexible electrodes with reduced cost and environmental footprint and enhanced mechanical and energy storage performances.
The supplimentary cover art by Nicole Tratnik, from the article “Biobased Epoxidized Starch Wood Adhesives: Effect of Amylopectin and Amylose Content on Adhesion Properties”(10.1021/acssuschemeng.0c05716) was recently published in ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering.
Click here to see the article
The article Barking up the right tree: biorefinery from waste stream to cyclic carbonate with immobilization of CO2 for non-isocyanate polyurethanes by Heyu Chen, Prashant Chauhan and Ning Yan has been selected by editor Buxing Han to be highlighted as a Green Chemistry Editor’s Choice.
The blog post showcasing the publication can be found here and is publically accessible until Feb 2021.
A new article out of Ning Yan’s lab has been published in ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering written by Nicole Tratnik, Pei-Yu Kuo, Nicolas R. Tanguy, Pitchaimari Gnanasekar, and Ning Yan.
In this article studies the effect on amylopectin and amylose content in corn starches on modification through epoxidization and adhesion properties to wood
Click here to view the full article.
Formaldehyde-free, water-resistant, and environmentally friendly wood adhesives were prepared from starches via a simple one-step epoxidation reaction followed by cross-linking using diethylenetriamine. This study focused on the effect of amylose/amylopectin ratio of starch (high amylose, low amylose, and amylopectin) on the epoxidation reaction and on the bonding performance of the prepared epoxidized starches. The epoxidation of starches altered the fluid behavior of the resins, from Newtonian for pristine epoxy to shear thinning, that corroborated the successful integration of starch chains as part of the epoxy resin. Epoxidized amylopectin had the highest viscosity, 114 Pa.s, and a high degree of substitution, 2.33 ± 0.10, among the starches that indicated that amylopectin is more favorable for the grafting of epoxy groups and for the integration of starch chains in epoxy resins compared to the starches with high amylose content. Bonding strengths were determined by lap shear tests on yellow birch specimens in dry, wet, and boiled conditions. High amylopectin epoxidized starch showed the highest lap shear bonding performance under wet conditions (5.50 ± 0.451 MPa). Under boiled conditions, all three epoxidized starches showed equally better performance than the unreacted starch-filled epoxy blends. This study provides fundamental insights into the effect of starch molecular structure on epoxidation reaction and adhesion properties and suggests a promising approach for developing strong formaldehyde-free sustainable biobased wood adhesives.